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Rabbit Fever Missouri Tularemia

TULAREMIA (RABBIT FEVER)

MO CONSERVATION

Tularemia in a rabbit liver

Tularemia in a rabbit liver
James Runnigen, U.S. Geological Survey

COMMONLY INFECTED WILDLIFE

Rabbits, muskrats, beavers, any mammal.

IS THIS ANIMAL INFECTED?

Affected animals may appear in good body condition, yet be sick or near death.

An enlarged liver or spleen is common.

Tiny pale spots may be seen on the liver.

CAN I GET IT?

Yes, from multiple pathways: bites from infected ticks or biting flies; bites or scratches from infected wildlife; contact of eyes, nose, mouth, or open wound with meat, water, feces, urine, or body parts of infected animals; ingestion of meat from infected animals that has not been cooked thoroughly; drinking water contaminated by an infectious animal; or breathing in dust from contaminated pelts and soil.

How bad can it get?

Tularemia can be fatal; early treatment reduces severity.

Symptoms in humans

  • Symptoms can appear up to 14 days after infection and often start as flu-like illness.
  • Additional symptoms depend on the route of exposure:
  • Ingestion of contaminated food or water: diarrhea and vomiting.
  • Tick or fly bite, or contamination of open wound: skin ulcers at site of bite and swollen, painful lymph nodes.
  • Inhalation: respiratory symptoms, pain in chest, difficulty breathing.
  • Seek medical attention immediately if infection is suspected.

PROTECT MYSELF AND OTHERS

  • Take precautions to avoid bites from ticks and biting flies.
  • When handling, dressing, or skinning any wild animal, wear disposable gloves, and wash hands with soap and water.
  • Cook all meat thoroughly.

SAFE FOR PETS?

No. Tularemia can be fatal to pets. Contact your veterinarian immediately if you suspect your pet has been infected. Effective antibiotic treatment is available.

WHAT CAUSES IT?

Bacterium called Francisella tularensis.

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Missouri Raccoons and others carry DISTEMPER DISEASE

DISTEMPER

MO CONSERVATION

Distemper

Distemper
JR Compton

COMMONLY INFECTED WILDLIFE

Mammals (carnivores), especially raccoons, foxes, coyotes, skunks, otters, and bobcats.

IS THIS ANIMAL INFECTED?

Clinical signs vary, but may include coughing or difficulty breathing, thickened skin on the nose and footpads, thick discharge or crusting around the eyes and nose, and abnormal behavior, including convulsions or loss of coordination.

The viruses cannot survive very long in the environment, so infection from contact with a contaminated surface or object is rare.

Juvenile animals are more susceptible to disease.

CAN I GET IT?

Distemper viruses are not known to infect humans.

How bad can it get?

Distemper viruses are not known to infect humans.

Symptoms in humans

Distemper viruses are not known to infect humans.

PROTECT MYSELF AND OTHERS

Affected animals should not be handled. Although distemper viruses are not known to infect humans, rabies, a potentially deadly disease, causes similar clinical signs in the animals it affects.

SAFE FOR PETS?

No. Dogs and cats are at risk of contracting distemper. It is highly recommended that domestic dogs and cats be vaccinated for protection against distemper. This should be discussed with your veterinarian.

WHAT CAUSES IT?

Canine and feline distemper are caused by two different viruses that affect wild and domestic carnivores.

Distemper is highly contagious between animals. The viruses are spread by direct contact with mouth or eye secretions, or through inhalation of infected respiratory droplets.

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MO Turkey – LYMPHOPROLIFERATIVE DISEASE VIRUS

LYMPHOPROLIFERATIVE DISEASE VIRUS in Turkey (LPDV)

MO CONSERVATION

Lymphoproliferative Disease Virus

Lymphoproliferative Disease Virus
Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study

COMMONLY INFECTED WILDLIFE

Wild turkey.

IS THIS ANIMAL INFECTED?

Birds may appear disoriented or weak and are often found dead.

Scabby nodules on the skin of the legs and head also commonly occur.

This disease of wild turkey is so newly discovered that much remains unknown.

CAN I GET IT?

LPDV is not known to infect humans.

How bad can it get?

No human health risk has been reported.

Symptoms in humans

LPDV is not known to infect humans.

PROTECT MYSELF AND OTHERS

MDC advises against consuming any wild animal that appears sick.

SAFE FOR PETS?

LPDV is not known to infect pets, but it is safest to avoid feeding infected birds to pets.

WHAT CAUSES IT?

LPDV is caused by a retrovirus. Little is known about the origin of LPDV in the United States. The significance to wild turkey populations is currently unknown.

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HEMORRHAGIC DISEASE Deer in Missouri

HEMORRHAGIC DISEASE

MO Conservation

Deer Victim of Hemorrhagic Disease

Deer Victim of Hemorrhagic Disease
Nate Mechlin

COMMONLY INFECTED WILDLIFE

In Missouri, deer and elk may be infected.

IS THIS ANIMAL INFECTED?

Single or multiple dead deer may be found in late summer or early fall near water sources with no apparent disease symptoms.

Clinical signs in deer are variable but may include unwillingness to move, difficulty breathing, swelling of the head, neck, or tongue, lameness, and weight loss. Most deer die quickly from the disease and therefore have no obvious clinical signs.

HD is not directly contagious between infected animals.

CAN I GET IT?

No. Hemorrhagic disease is not known to infect people.

How bad can it get?

There is no known risk to humans.

Symptoms in humans

None. Humans are not at risk.

PROTECT MYSELF AND OTHERS

  • The viruses that cause HD do not infect people.
  • There is no risk from handling or eating meat from deer with HD.
  • HD may weaken the animal’s immune system, allowing secondary bacterial infections to develop in the sick animal and make the meat unsuitable for consumption.

SAFE FOR PETS?

Yes. Meat is generally safe for pets to consume, if no secondary bacterial infections are present and meat is cooked properly.

WHAT CAUSES IT?

Biting midge flies in the genus Culicoides spread the viruses that cause the disease.

In North America, there are two viruses that cause HD: epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) and bluetongue virus (BTV).

Different strains (subtypes) of these viruses exist, with varying levels of virulence.

Livestock, such as cattle and sheep, may be infected with the HD viruses. Clinical signs vary with the species. Consult your veterinarian for more information on HD in livestock.

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CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE (CWD) Missouri

CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE (CWD)

Chronic Wasting Disease

Chronic Wasting Disease
Mike Hopper, Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks and Tourism

Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) is a deadly illness in white-tailed deer and other members of the deer family. CWD kills all deer it infects. The disease has been found in Missouri and is slowly spreading. The Missouri Department of Conservation is working with conservation partners to find cases and limit its spread.

MANDATORY SAMPLING IN 25 COUNTIES NOV. 11 AND 12

  • Hunters who harvest deer in 25 select counties must present their deer to MDC staff for CWD sampling.
  • Mandatory sampling is only required during opening weekend of firearms deer season, Nov. 11 and 12.
  • MDC will provide 56 sampling stations throughout the 25 select counties.
  • Sampling locations will be open 7:30 a.m. until at least 8 p.m.
  • Deer must be presented by the hunter who harvested the animal.
  • Deer may be field dressed before being taken to a sampling station.
  • Hunters can also present just the deer head with about six inches of neck attached.
  • For taxidermy bucks, the cape may be removed prior to being taken to a sampling station as long as about six inches of the neck is left attached.
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Modern K9 Solutions is here to help dogs and veterans.

Modern K9 Solutionstumblr_mn8b8sLRb61rkz363o1_1280.jpg

I am proud to be a part of such a noble cause.  This team is setting the bar when it comes to dog training and helping veterans.  While training dogs for families, K9 units, Narc, tracking, etc.. this group is raising money and raising amazing service dogs for veterans in need.

Provide a safe and practical learning experience for you and your dog so that you can both learn together and grow together as a Team!

Their Mission

To provide top tier training for the public as well as police K9 units and competitive dog teams. All the while donate and train service dogs for veterans in need. Through our personal experience there is no better way to deal with the traumatic events our Veterans see over seas then to have an unconditional loving dog by your side!

Support ModernK9Solutions
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Best lures and techniques to catch crappie

Best lures and techniques to catch crappie

Crappie are one of the most popular freshwater fish to catch because they are so abundant and they taste great.  There are 2 types of crappies: black and white.  Black and white crappie share most of the same waters, however, black crappie are most abundant in northern lakes that are cool with a gravel or sand bottom.  White crappie are common in reservoirs, lakes, and rivers.  They tolerate darker water than black crappie and they thrive in southern lakes with soft or hard bottoms.  Both species live in rivers and streams, however, black crappie prefer calmer water and they also tolerate a higher salt content, which is why they are common in estuaries.

Where to find crappie???

Crappie are definitely more popular in lakes than rivers.  In lakes, you will really only find them shallow early in the spring, then crappie move out towards deeper water.  Crappie love wood and they can also be found around weeds too.  Crappie are known for schooling out over open water which makes fishing difficult until you can find them.  You may find these fish 20 to 40 feet down from summer through fall out over open water.

Bobbers?

bobbersBobbers or floats are great when crappie are in the shallows. When crappie move into the shallows in the spring, you can find crappie in as little as a couple feet of water.  Using a bobber is a great way to present a lively minnow or jig to crappie in the shallows.

 

 

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doublejigrig

Double Jig  

The double jig rig is probably most popular among crappie anglers, but anglers use this rig for many other fish as well.  Saltwater anglers use a double jig rig with just a plain jig head and they will add live bait or soft plastics.  Panfish anglers like to target perch, bluegill, rock bass and other types of panfish that will school up over deeper water in the summer months.

 

 

 

 

 

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dropshotrigThe drop shot rig is a very popular rig for a variety of fishing situations.  Whether you are fishing deep, shallow, around cover, with live bait, soft plastics, for bass, panfish or huge saltwater fish, the drop shot rig will work in most situations.  The main line is tied to the hook and you want to leave some extra line after you tie the knot so you can tie that line to the sinker.  If you want to keep your bait 1 foot off the bottom, make sure to leave a little over 12 inches of extra line from when you tie the hook to the line.  This way, you’ll have about 12 inches of line left over to tie to the sinker.

 

 

 

saltwater-jigheadsJigheads are key to rigging the many different soft plastics that anglers use for crappie.  Anglers also use jigheads with live minnows, pieces of leeches and worms.  Jigheads are so basic, but essential to catching crappie. I prefer grub tails or tube jigs.

 

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slipbobberrigThe Slip Bobber Rig is the way to go if you are looking to fish deeper water, but still use a float.  You can find slip bobber rigs in most bait & tackle shops.  Once you learn how to use them, you’ll agree that they are fairly easy to set up.  In this rig, the bobber slides freely until it hits the bobber stop.  You will set the bobber stop at the depth that you would like to fish your bait.  For example, you may be fishing a deep weed edge and you see that most of the fish are suspended about 15 feet down.  By setting the bobber stop at 15 feet, the line will slide through the bobber and your bait will be positioned exactly where the fish are positioned.  Fishing with slip bobbers is popular among freshwater and saltwater anglers, but it is probably most popular with crappie and walleye anglers. I also love it for bluegill.

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Spinner Rigs used to catch more bass

Spinner Rigs work great catching largemouth bass. Walleye anglers will usually catch some largemouth bass while trolling spinner rigs for walleye.  If you tip a spinner rig with a live nightcrawler or minnow, you can definitely catch some largemouth bass.  Some anglers will tip these spinner rigs with curly tail worms, grubs or swimbaits.  These presentations work well for largemouth bass even though most bass anglers do not even consider this a presentation for bass.

spinner-rigs

Southern Pro Hot Grubs 8Pk 2 In. Grn/Ylw 2.0-08-HG15
Grub Tail

 

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What are the best rigs for Large Mouth Bass

Best Rigs for Catching Largemouth Bass
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Shaky Head Jigs

shaky head jigsShaky head jigs are known as great rigs for shaking baits along the bottom, however, you can use this rig to replace the Texas rig or the Florida rig.  It’s an unbelievable way to rig a variety of soft plastics.

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Wacky Rig

wackyrigThe wacky rig is so popular.  For most anglers, it is their number one rig for catching largemouth bass.  You can rig it wacky style weightless, on a finesse jig or on a drop shot rig and they all work great.

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Drop Shot Rig

drop shot rig finesse wormThe drop shot rig is not as popular as it should be among largemouth bass anglers.  You can use this rig to fish around all types of cover, in shallow water and in deeper water.  You can rig so many different soft plastics on this rig.

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Florida Rig  /  Texas Rig

floridarigMost anglers think of the Texas rig as the go to rig for using soft plastics, but the Florida rig is actually better.  The Florida rig is the same thing with one modification.  The weight will actually screw into the bait, which keeps the bait and the weight connected together. However, there are some baits that look great with the bait not connected, so the Texas rig then would be better.  You can always peg the weight with the Texas rig too to get the same result as the Florida rig.

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Umbrella Rigs

umbrella-rigsThey may not be legal everywhere or popular everywhere, but it’s hard to deny them.  This rig is probably the best big fish, schooling bait for fishing in deeper water.

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Carolina Rig

carolina rig curly tail wormThe Carolina rig is still one of those awesome rigs that just keeps catching bass.  Use it in deeper water and you have a super effective rig.  In shallow water, it’s not as good, but still can be productive depending how you want to use it.

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Neko Rig

neko-rig-imageThe Neko rig is so unique.  Many anglers still haven’t heard of it, but it’s an awesome rig.  You have to take a look at how it looks under water to appreciate what this rig can do.

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Underspins

underspinsUnder spins are great for covering water with curly tail grubs, swimming worms, curly tail worms or minnow baits.  Retrieve them slow and steady and you’ll catch some bass.

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Scrounger Jighead

scrounger jigheadsThe scrounger jighead is amazing and a lot of anglers still don’t know about it.  This jighead turns many baits into amazing swimbaits and you can fish shallow water very effectively with them.